Why are mangrove forest important?
Mangroves provide valuable nursery areas for juvenile fish and crustaceans and are also important source of nutrients for the adjacent marine ecosystem. Mangrove made shelter and food possible for animals living there. Most importantly, Mangroves helps to protect the coastline from serious erosion during tropical cyclones.
Why mangroves are able to protect humans being!!!!!???
Mangroves form dense barriers against storms and tsunamis, saving lives and protecting property. They also provide us with many other important benefits—more than many people may realize. For example, mangroves produce seafood, fruits, medicines, fiber, and wood. They stabilize shores by trapping sediments and building land. They improve water quality by filtering runoff and polluted waters. They protect the climate by absorbing carbon dioxide and reducing the amount of greenhouse gas
How could mangrove help when there is a natural disaster?
During natural disaster, for example the tsunami that happened in Indonesia 7years back in 2004 when a magnitude 9.1 earthquake struck Indonesia, Sumatra, the mangrove actually helped to reduce that impact of the deadly tsunami! The mangrove forest and and coastal vegetation creates a shore protection in that area. With the strong hold of aeriel,prop and knee roots, which created a “barrier” and eventually slows down the speed of the tsunami! This amazing mangrove not only reduced the amount of death tolls but also reduced the damage that it would have cause. Research had also proven that mangrove forests and coastal vegetation had effective protect coastal area from the tsunami as heavy damage occurred in those areas that do not have the present of mangrove and coastal forests.
These wooden sticks were build beside the coast to prevent rubbish like plastic bag, bottle etc to enter the coast. This protect the plants against rubbish that humans disposed inappropriately. If those wooden sticks are not there, the plants would be badly destroy as we heard from the guide that he had even seen bulky object such as TELEVISION & REFRIGERATOR being threw down to the river by some irresponsible people.
What do they look like?
There are several species of mangroves but the white mangrove (Avicennia marina) is the most widespread. These smooth-barked trees have clusters of small fragrant orange flowers. They often bear the brunt of ferocious cyclones in the wet season, but regenerate rapidly afterwards. This tree usually grows up to five metres high. It has greyish-white bark with some flaking patches. The leaves are dark glossy green on their upper surface and grey to silvery below. The grey mangrove is laden with fruits from December to May.
What can be produce by the mangroves?
The white mangrove produces the only mangrove fruits eaten by Aboriginal people. However, the toxins are first removed by soaking them in mangrove mud for three to seven days until they turn black. They are then rinsed and boiled twice or roasted until the skin and black colour is gone. The branches are used for shades and are burnt to repel sandflies. Native beehives are found in hollows. The foliage is sometimes heavily grazed by cattle, possibly because of the salt on the leaves. The flowers produce excellent honey.